Facts about Malmö
Malmö became a Swedish city in 1658
Malmö was first mentioned as a city in 1275 and received its coat of arms in 1437. Having been Danish, Malmö became Swedish in 1658 through the Treaty of Roskilde. The city had around 3,000 inhabitants at the time.
Sweden’s third city
(Population in January 2013)
Malmö: 307,758 (51% female and 49% male). The Malmö region: 670,394. Skåne: approx. 1.3 million. The Öresund region: approx. 3.8 million. Copenhagen: 559,440.
An expanding city
Malmö’s population increased for the twenty-eighth year in a row. In November 2013 Malmö had 312,400 residents. The population increased by almost 5,000 during 2012, and since the year 2000 the number of Malmö residents has grown by 50,000. In April 2011 Malmö passed the figure of 300,000 inhabitants, and by 2018 the city is expected to have approx. 338,400 inhabitants.
Malmö residents from 177 countries
31% or 94,700 of Malmö residents were born abroad, 50% of them female and 50% male. The largest groups were born in: Iraq 11,000, Denmark 8,000, former Yugoslavia 8,000, Poland 7,000 and Bosnia 6,000. The groups that saw the biggest increases in 2012 were those born in Iraq (+320), Syria (+220), Afghanistan (+180) and Turkey (+120). 60% of Malmö’s immigrants are Swedish citizens.
The architect behind Turning Torso is Santiago Calatrava, and the building was ready for occupation on 1 November 2005. It is 190 m high and consists of 54 floors with 147 apartments and offices.
City of Malmö the biggest employer
The City of Malmö, with 20,100 employees (15,500 female and 4,600 male), is the biggest employer in Malmö. 39% work in Schools and Childcare and 26% in Health and Social Care (Dec. 2012). 65% of those who work in Malmö work at workplaces with fewer than 100 employees (2011).
Malmö University (founded in 1998) has approx. 24,000 students (13,000 full-time students, 2012). Malmö also has educational facilities that form part of Lund University, e.g. Malmö Academy of Music, Malmö Theatre Academy and Malmö Art Academy. The UN’s World Maritime University is also in Malmö.
250 million people over the Öresund Bridge
Since the Öresund Link was opened in July 2000, 250 million people (October 2012) have travelled over this bridge between Malmö and Copenhagen. During 2012, 11 million people travelled by train and 13.6 million crossed by car, bus or motorcycle.
A compact, cycle-friendly city
“In Malmö, everything’s amazingly close at hand.” It’s no more than 10 km from the centre to the city boundary, and there are 490 km of cycle paths within the city. There are long beaches with excellent bathing water quality within walking and cycling distance of the centre. Along the coastal strip are the bathing houses of Ribersborg (build in 1898) Sibbarp. By the coast of Malmö are approx. 2,000 berths for leisure boats at places including Limhamn, Dockan and the Western Harbour.